Yes, I guess so. Bees move into all sorts of places, which makes you wonder “why there, is that the best spot available within the range of the scout bees?” Other examples are, inside a rolled up piece of carpet, the back of an old tv, through the bung hole under the floor of a boat, a tea chest full of antique car parts. One was through a hole in a round steel fence post. That was a most unlikely spot because I would have thought it would have gotten pretty hot inside that pipe on a hot day.
PS if you have plenty of material on hand with plenty of spare time, you could build several swarm lures of varying sizes & heights up trees & facing different directions. You’re bound to catch one sooner or later.