Possible. On some occasions with damaged legs and wings. In hot climates, the thorax or head can be eaten out. Occasionally abdomen could be wrapped in a web and the fully formed bee cannot leave the cell.
Wax moth may work through the bottom of cells pushing bee larva out. Bees build raised collars around such cells.
How to check:
Take the frame, shake bees off it. Hold the frame over a sheet of paper or fabric. Hit top frame a few times strongly with hive tool or something else. See if panicked wax moth larvae fall down from the frame or go down on web strings.