I personally would not do this. I am not an asbestos expert, but my husband is. He does research on cancer and cancer causation in humans. He is a beekeeper too. He would not touch this colony, I am sure.
The problem with asbestos is not the stuff you can see. It is the stuff you can’t see. Many fibers are way below human vision levels, and they don’t go away.
If you breathe it, it can cause mesothelioma in the chest (a suffocating chest wall tumor) or lung cancer, or other lung diseases (asbestosis, COPD, etc).
If you eat a lot of food containing it (I guess this might include honey), it can cause peritoneal mesothelioma. Asbestos workers who brought packed lunches and ate them on the job site were exposed to this kind of risk. The risk of getting a cancer (chest or abdomen) is fairly low, but they are very dangerous and mostly not treatable. The tumors generally grow around 10 to 30 years after exposure, but once you get a mesothelioma (chest or abdomen) average life expectancy is not much more than 2 years in most cases.
I don’t know of any studies directly on honey, but honestly, I just wouldn’t take the risk unless I could get a lab to do a fiber count on the hive after extraction. That would be expensive, and probably not worth the time and effort.
So don’t sue me, and don’t quote me, I am not an expert myself. But I really wouldn’t do this trap-out or extraction. Too much risk.