I’m planning to build my own long hive in the coming weeks. I have been reading a lot on the forums and will be taking a lot of people’s modifications on board when constructing my own.
However, there remain some areas which I am uncertain off as views differ. I would like to get peoples views on a couple of points who may have built their own long hive and had more experience.
For background, I live in the UK so the climate is somewhat mild at worst -5 Celcius to +35 max.
The hive I will be building will be insulated (similar to a poly hive but a bit thicker) to reduce variance based on local conditions which may impact the bee entrance/ventilation questions below.
Bee entrances - which is preferred - bottom or top and why (or does it really not matter)? Keeping in mind I’ll be using a long hive design. Furthermore, should the entrance be placed centrally, or across the hive?
Ventilation - I’ve read a lot on this and a lot seems to be a lot of differing views likely to do with local climate conditions and hive type. Keeping in mind I’m building a long hive, what I see is 3 common options:
a) Heavily insulated roof with open mesh floor (air rises as bees heat, hits roof and falls as it cools)
b) Open mesh floor with vents in the roof (air passes right through hive - more requirement on bees to manage temp and humidity)
c) Top ventilation/entrance with solid insulated floor (however, debris build on bottom) (air is managed fully by bees through a top entrance and they need to circulate in the hive).
Can anyone share their views/knowledge and experience, keeping in mind the hive is a long hive which will be insulated in a mild climate? It may be the case this is being engineered by myself.
If anyone has images to share that would be welcome.
Thanks in advance.