Fred is 100% right. Those ant dust/granules products are either Permethrin or Bifenthrin and both are contact killers. They don’t have to ingest it to die.
Ant and bees are in the same order of insects, Hymenoptera, and what kills ants, will kill bees.
Cinnamon will work on some species, but not others. Like most natural solutions, it will also need frequent top ups. There are so many species of ants and each will need a different strategy to control.
The company that does my termite inspections wanted to use ant granules that had Hydramethylnon as an active ingredient. I’m also seeing this product for sale at Bunnings now. Apparently it is quite effective on a range of ant species and the pest company told me it is the “professional stuff”. When I read about it I found it is very toxic to fish, and that’s the problem I see. You dump these chemicals in the environment and eventually they will end up in water streams and wreak havoc somewhere else out of sight. I hate to use them.
I think physical barriers are the best solution, and we just have to maintain them regularly. Or the pet aardvark.